memory palace

word noun verb adjective adverb
state [steɪt] 状态,情况;国;州 陈述;说明;规定    
statue [ˈstætʃuː] 法令;法规      
manifestation [ˌmænɪfeˈsteɪʃn] 现实,表现;示威运动      
statistic [stəˈtɪstɪk] 统计数值   统计的;统计学的  
statistical [stəˈtɪstɪkl]     统计的;统计学的  
stationary [ˈsteɪʃəneri]     固定的;静止的,不动的  
statement [ˈsteɪtmənt] (正式或明确的口头或书面)陈述,声明;(意见或观点的)表现,表达      
understatement [ˈʌndərsteɪtmənt] 保守陈述;不充分的陈述;轻描淡写      
overstate [ˌoʊvərˈsteɪt]   夸张,,夸大地叙述    
statesman [ˈsteɪtsmən] 政治家      
estate [ɪˈsteɪt] 房地产;身份;财产;遗产      
devastate [ˈdevəsteɪt]   毁灭,毁坏    
devastating [ˈdevəsteɪtɪŋ]     毁灭性的;极具破坏力的  
workstation [ˈwɜːrksteɪʃn] 工作台      
status [ˈsteɪtəs] 地位;情形;状况;重要身份      
assert [əˈsɜːrt]   坚称;断言;表明    
affirm [əˈfɜːrm]   断言;肯定;证实    
public [ˈpʌblɪk] 公众,民众   公众的;公共的;公开的  
publication [ˌpʌblɪˈkeɪʃn] 出版;发行;出版物;发行物;公布;发布      
republican [rɪˈpʌblɪkən] 拥护共和政体者;共和主义者   共和国的;共和政体的;(美国)共和党的;支持共和党的  
publicity [pʌbˈlɪsəti] 公众信息;宣传;公之于众的状况      
publicized [ˈpʌblɪsaɪzd]     公开的  
publicly [‘pʌblɪkli]       公共地;公开地;公众的;
in public       公开地,当众
mass [mæs] 民众;大量      
civil [ˈsɪvl]     公民的  
law [lɔː] 法律;法令;法规;规律;定律      
claw [klɔː] 爪;螯;钳;爪形器具 用爪抓(或挖)    
lawful [ˈlɔːfl]     合法的;法定的;法律许可的  
lawsuit [ˈlɔːsuːt] 诉讼;诉讼案件      
flaw [flɔː] 瑕疵;裂纹;缺点 使破裂;使有缺陷    
lawyer [ˈlɔːjər] 律师;法学家      
legislation [ˌledʒɪsˈleɪʃn] 法律;法规      
mean [miːn] 平均值;平均数 意味着,即是;意指,意思是说;打算,意欲;意义重大 吝啬的;刻薄的;破旧的  
meaning [ˈmiːnɪŋ] 意义,含义      
well-meaning     善意的;好心的  
meaningless [ˈmiːnɪŋləs]     没有意义的;不重要的;无价值的  
meaningfully [ˈmiːnɪŋfəli]       有意图地;有意义地;重要地
means [miːnz] 方法;手段      
meanwhile [ˈmiːnwaɪl]       同时;其间
by means of       用;依靠
by no means       绝不;一点也不
indicate [ˈɪndɪkeɪt]   表明;暗示;象征;反映    
implication [ˌɪmplɪˈkeɪʃn] 可能引发的后果;暗示;含意      
influence [ˈɪnfluəns] 影响;感化;势力,权势 影响;感化    
influential [ˌɪnfluˈenʃl] 影响者;有势力的的人   有影响力的;有势力的  
impact [ˈɪmpækt , ɪmˈpækt] 碰撞;撞击;影响 撞击;碰撞;冲击;(对……)产生影响    
live [lɪv , laɪv]   居住;生活;生存;以……为生;留存;铭记 活的;有生命的;现场演出的  
alive [əˈlaɪv]     活着的;有生气的,活跃的  
deliver [dɪˈlɪvər]   发表(讲话);递送;接走(婴儿)    
delivery [dɪˈlɪvəri] 分娩;投递;讲话方式      
outlive [ˌaʊtˈlɪv]   比……活得长;比……经久    
liveliness 活力      
livelihood [ˈlaɪvlihʊd] 生计;生活      
live off   依赖……生活,依赖    
dwell [dwel]   居住于;存在于    
reside [rɪˈzaɪd]   定居于;属于    
survive [sərˈvaɪv]   幸存;比……活得长    
survival [sərˈvaɪvl] 生存;幸存      
inhabit [ɪnˈhæbɪt]   居住于    
settle [ˈsetl]   使定居    
federal [ˈfedərəl]     联邦的  
federation [ˌfedəˈreɪʃn] 联邦制国家;联邦;(社团或组织的)同盟;联盟;联合会      
FBI 联邦调查局(Federal Bureau of Investigation)      
CIA 中央情报局(Central Intelligence Agency)      
large [lɑːrdʒ]     大的;大规模的;大量的  
largely [ˈlɑːrdʒli]       主要地;大体上地;大量地
enlarge [ɪnˈlɑːrdʒ]   扩大;放大;扩充    
at large       一般;全体地;普遍地
bulky [ˈbʌlki]     庞大的;体积大的  
outsize [ˈaʊtsaɪz]     特大的  
huge [hjuːdʒ]     庞大的  
mark [mɑːrk] 痕迹;斑点;污点;记号;符号;(考试等)分数 做标记;指出;标明;在(商品)上贴价格(或质量等)的标签    
market [ˈmɑːrkɪt] 市场;行情 推销;营销    
marketplace [ˈmɑːrkɪtpleɪs] 市集;商场;市场      
marked [mɑːrkt]     显著的;明显的;有记号的  
marketer [ˈmɑːrkɪtər] 市场商人;市场营销人员      
remark [rɪˈmɑːrk] 评论;话语;注意;观察 评论;谈判    
remarkable [rɪˈmɑːrkəbl]     卓越的;非凡的;辉煌的  
landmark [ˈlændmɑːrk] 地标;里程碑;转折点      
blot [blɑːt] 污点      
spot [spɑːt] 点;斑点      
stain [steɪn] 污迹;污渍 玷污;污染    
symbol [ˈsɪmbl] 象征;标志      
system [ˈsɪstəm] 系统;体制      
systematic [ˌsɪstəˈmætɪk]     有系统的;系统化的  
systematically [ˌsɪstə’mætɪklɪ]       系统地;有条理地
regime [reɪˈʒiːm] 政权;政体(指非民主且统治手段不被认可的政府或政权体系);管理制度;组织方法;养生法      
organization [ˌɔːrɡənəˈzeɪʃn] 组织;机构;团体      
structure [ˈstrʌktʃər] 结构;构造;组织      
stress [stres] 压力;强调;重点;着重;重音;(物)应力 强调;着重    
stressed-out     因心理紧张而被压垮的  
highlight [ˈhaɪlaɪt] 强调;突出      
emphasize [ˈemfəsaɪz] 强调      
strain [streɪn] 压力;负担;重负 使不堪承受;使紧张;拉伤;扭伤    

1. state

[steɪt]

noun

  1. 状态;状况;情况 (the mental, emotional or physical condition that a person or thing is in)

    a confused state of mind. ( … state of …)

    满脑疑惑。

    You’re not in a fit state to drive(… state to …)

    你现在的状态不宜开车。

  2. 国家(a country considered as an organized political community controlled by one government)

    European Union member states

    欧盟成员国

  3. 州(an organized political community forming part of a country)

    the southern states of US

    美国南方各州

  4. 政府(the government of a country)

    a state-owned company

    国有公司(政府的公司)

  5. (元首或政府首脑享受的)正式礼仪,隆重礼仪 (the formal ceremonies connected with high levels of government or with kings and queens)

    The president was driven in state through the street

    总统乘车隆重地从街上穿过。

  6. 美国(the United States of America)

    I‘ve never been to the States.

    我从未去过美国。

作为名词的习语有如下

adj

  1. 国家提供(或控制)的 (provided or controlled by the government of a country)

    state education

    公办教育

  2. 国家礼仪的 (connected with the leader of a country attending an official ceremony)

    the state opening of Parliament

    隆重的会议开幕式

  3. 州的;邦的 (connected with a particular state of a country, especially in the US)

    a state tax

    州税

    a state university

    州立大学

verb

  1. 陈述;说明;声明 (to formally write or say sth, especially in a careful and clear way)

    There is no need to state the obvious

    显而易见的事实就不必陈述了。

  2. 规定;公布 (to fix or announce the details of sth, especially on a written document)

    You must arrive at the time stated.

    你必须在规定时间内达到。

2. public

[ˈpʌblɪk]

adj

  1. 平民的;大众的(connected with ordinary people in society in general)

    The government had to bow to public pressure

    政府不得不向公众的压力低头

  2. 公共的;公立的 (provided, especially by the government, for the use of people in general)

    a public library

    公共图书馆

  3. 政府的;有关政府所提供服务的 (connected with the government and the services it provides)

    public money / spending / funding / expenditure

    公款;公共开支;政府拨款;政府开支

  4. 人人皆知的,公开的(known to people in general)

    a public figure

    公众人物

  5. 公之于众的,公开的 (open to people in general; intended to be seen or heard by people in general)

    a public apology

    公开的道歉

  6. 公共场所的,大庭广众的(where there are a lot of people who can see and hear you)

    Let’s go somewhere a little less public.

    咱们找一个僻静些的地方吧。

形容词的习语有如下

noun

  1. the public 平民;百姓;民众 (ordinary people in society in general)

    The palace is now open to the public.

    这座宫殿现在向大众开放了。

  2. 志趣相同(或从事同一类活动)的群体(a group of people who share a particular interest or who are involved in the same activity)

    the theatre-going public

    爱看戏的民众

名词的习语有如下

3. law

[lɔː]

noun

  1. 法律(体系)(the whole system of rules that everyone in a country or society must obey)

    Do not think you are above the law.

    别以为你能凌驾于法律之上。

  2. 法规(a particular branch of law)

    company / international / tax, etc. law

    公司法、国际法、税法等

  3. 一条法规 (one rule)

    strict gun laws

    严格的枪支法

  4. 法学;法律学;律师业

    He’s in law school.

    他就读法学院

    a law firm

    律师事务所

  5. the law(法律机构)(used to refer to the police and the legal system)

    Jim is always getting into trouble with the law.

    吉姆总是因惹事落到警察手里。

  6. 规则;规章;条例(one of the rules which controls an organization or activity)

    the laws of the Church

    教会的戒律

    The first law of kung fu is to defend yourself.

    功夫的首要原则是自卫

  7. 良好行为的准则;(某地或某场合下的)行为规范 (a rule for good behaviour or how you should behave in a particular place or situation)

moral laws

道德准则

  1. 规律;法则;原理(the fact that sth always happens in the same way in an activity or in nature)

    the law of gravity

    万有引力之规律

  2. 定律(a scientific rule that sb has stated to explain a natural process)

    the first law of thermodynamics

    热力学第一定律。

名词习语有如下

4. mean

[miːn]

verb

【不规则形式】 meant,meant

  1. (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) ~ sth (to sb)

    表示…的意思 (to have sth as a meaning)

    what does this sentence mean?

    这个句子是什么意思?

    What is meant by ‘batch processing’?

    batch processing 是什么意思?

  2. (not used in the progressive tenses 不用于进行时) 意思是;本意是

    (to intend to say sth on a particular occasion)

    What do you mean , you thought I wouldn’t mind?

    你这是什么意思,你以为我会不在意吗?

  3. ~ sth (as sth) ~ what… ~ sth for sb 打算;意欲;有…的目的

    (to have sth as a purpose)

    What did she mean by leaving so early?

    她为什么这么早就走了?

    Don’t laugh! I mean it

    别笑!我是认真的。

    He means trouble

    他存心捣乱。

  4. [often passive] ~ sb for sth ~ sb to be sth 想要某人成为;想要某人去做

    (to intend sb to be or do sth)

    I was never meant for the army .

    我根本就不是块当兵的料。

    His father meant him to be an engineer.

    他父亲想让他当工程师。

  5. 产生…结果;意味着 (to have sth as a result or a likely result )

    Do you have any idea what it means to be poor?

  6. [VN] [no passive] ~ sth to sb [非被动]

    对某人重要(或有价值)(to be of value or importance to sb)

    Money means nothing to him.

    金钱对于他来说毫无价值。

mean 作为动词有很多习语如下

adj

[不规则形式] meaner;meanest

  1. 吝啬的;小气的 (not willing to give or share things, especially money)

    My mom always been mean with money.

    我妈妈在花钱方面总是非常吝啬。

  2. mean(to sb) (of people or their behaviour 人或其行为) 不善良;刻薄

    (unkind, for example by not letting sb have or do sth)

    Don’t be so mean to your little brother!

    别对你弟弟那么刻薄!

  3. (especially NAmE) 要发怒的;要发狂的 likely to become angry or violent

    That’s a mean-looking dog.

    那狗看上去很凶啊。

  4. (informal, especially NAmE) 熟练的;出色的 (very good and skilful)

    He’s a mean tennis player.

    他是一名出色的网球选手。

  5. [only before noun] (technical 术语) 平均的;介于中间的

    (average; between the highest and the lowest, etc.)

    the mean temperature

    平均气温

  6. (formal) (of a person’s understanding or ability 人的理解力或能力) 平庸的;一般的 (not very great)

    This should be clear even to the meanest intelligence.

    就是对智力最平庸的人来说,这也应当是非常明了的。

  7. (literary) 低劣而肮脏的 poor and dirty in appearance

    mean houses/streets

    脏乱的房屋 / 街道

  8. (old-fashioned) 出身卑贱的;社会地位低下的 (born into or coming from a low social class)

关于形容词的习语如下

noun

  1. ~ (between A and B) 中间;中庸;折中 (a quality, condition, or way of doing sth that is in the middle of two extremes and better than either of them)

    He needed to find a mean between frankness and rudeness.

    他需要在坦诚与唐突之间找到折中的方法。

  2. also arithmetic mean (mathematics 数) 平均数;平均值;算术中项

    (the value found by adding together all the numbers in a group, and dividing the total by the number of numbers)

名词习语如下

5. influence

[ˈɪnfluəns]

noun

  1. [U, C] ~ (on/upon sb/sth)

    影响;作用(the effect that sb/sth has on the way a person thinks or behaves or on the way that sth works or develops)

    What exactly is the influence of television on children?

    电视对儿童究竟有什么影响?

  2. [U] ~ (over sb/sth) 支配力;控制力;影响力 (the power that sb/sth has to make sb/sth behave in a particular way)

    He committed the crime under the influence of drugs.

    他是在吸毒后犯罪的。

  3. [C] ~ (on sb/sth)

    有影响的人(或事物)

    (a person or thing that affects the way a person behaves and thinks)

    Those friends are a bad influence on her.

    那些朋友对她有负面的影响。

名词的习语有如下

verb

  1. 影响;对 … 起作用

    (to have an effect on the way that sb behaves or thinks, especially by giving them an example to follow)

    Don’t let me influence you either way.

    何去何从都别受我的影响

  2. 支配;左右 (to have an effect on a particular situation and the way that it develops)

    [VN] A number of social factors influence life expectancy.

    诸多社会因素左右着人的预期寿命。

6. live

动词读 [lɪv] ,形容词和副词读 [laɪv]

verb

  1. [V + adv./prep.] 住;居住 (to have your home in a particular place)

    Where do you live?

    你住在什么地方?

    We used to live in London.

    我们过去住在伦敦。

  2. 生存;活着 (to remain alive)

    [V] The doctors said he only had six months to live.

    医生说他只能活六个月了。

  3. [V] (尤指在某时期)活着 (to be alive, especially at a particular time)

    He’s the greatest player who ever lived.

    他是世上最出色的运动员。

  4. (以某种方式)生活,过日子 (to spend your life in a particular way)

    [VN] She lived a very peaceful life

    她过着十分宁静的生活。

  5. [V] 继续存在;留存;铭记 (to continue to exist or be remembered)

    Her words have lived with me all my life.

    她的话我一辈子都铭记着。

  6. [V] 享受充实而令人兴奋的生活 (to have a full and exciting life)

    I don’t want to be stuck in an office all my life─I want to live!

    我不想一辈子都憋在办公室里——我要享受人生乐趣!

名词的习语有如下

短语动词有如下

adj

[usually before noun]

  1. 活的 (living; not dead)

    live animals

    活动物

    We saw a real live rattlesnake!

    我们看见了一条活生生的响尾蛇!

  2. (of a broadcast 广播) 现场直播的;实况转播的

    (sent out while the event is actually happening, not recorded first and broadcast later)

    live coverage of the World Cup

    世界杯赛的实况转播

  3. (of a performance 表演) 现场演出的

    (given or made when people are watching, not recorded)

    The club has live music most nights.

    该俱乐部大多数晚上有现场演奏的音乐。

  4. (of a wire or device 电线或装置) 连着电源的;通电的

    (connected to a source of electrical power)

    That terminal is live.

    那个端子有电。

  5. 仍可爆炸的;仍可点燃的;随时可用的 (still able to explode or light; ready for use)

    live ammunition

    实弹

  6. 燃烧着的;仍灼热发红的

    (live coals are burning or are still hot and red)

  7. 含乳酸菌的 (live yogurt still contains the bacteria needed to turn milk into yogurt)

  8. 当前所关心的;时下重大的 (of interest or importance at the present time)

    Pollution is still very much a live issue.

    污染仍然是目前非常让人关注的问题。

  9. (of an electronic link 电子链接) 有效的;功能正常的;活的

    (functioning correctly, so that it is connected to another document or page on the Internet)

    Here are some live links to other aviation-related web pages.

    这是另外一些与航空有关网页的有效链接。

有关形容词的习语有

adv

  1. 在现场直播;在现场表演(或录制)

    (broadcast at the time of an actual event; played or recorded at an actual performance)

    The show is going out live.

    这场演出正在实况直播。

副词习语有

7. federal

[ˈfedərəl]

adj

  1. 联邦制的 (having a system of government in which the individual states of a country have control over their own affairs, but are controlled by a central government for national decisions, etc.)

    a federal republic

    联邦共和国

  2. (在美国、加拿大等联邦制下)联邦政府的 ((within a federal system , for example the US and Canada) connected with national government rather than the local government of an individual state)

    a federal law

    联邦法

8. large

[lɑːrdʒ]

adj

【不规则形式】 larger, largest

  1. 大的;大规模;大量的 (big in size or quantity)

    a large number of people

    很多人

    a large area/family/house/car/appetite

    大面积 / 家庭 / 房子 / 汽车 / 胃口

  2. (abbr. L) (服装、食物、日用品等)大型号的 (used to describe one size in a range of sizes of clothes, food, products used in the house, etc.)

    small, medium, large

    小 / 中 / 大号

  3. 广泛的;众多的 (wide in range and involving many things)

    a large and complex issue.

    重大而复杂的问题

形容词的习语有如下

verb

9. mark

[mɑːrk]

verb

  1. ~ A (with B) ~ B on A 做记号;做标记 (to write or draw a symbol, line, etc. on sth in order to give information about it)

    Prices are marked on the goods.

    价格标在商品上。

  2. 留下痕迹;弄污;使有污点 (to make a mark on sth in a way that spoils or damages it; to become spoilt or damaged in this way)

    [VN] A large purple scar marked his cheek.

    他的面颊上有一块大紫疤。

  3. [VN] 标明方位;标示 (to show the position of sth)

    The cross marks the spot where the body was found.

    十字记号标明了发现死尸的地点。

  4. [VN] 纪念;庆贺 (to celebrate or officially remember an event that you consider to be important)

    a ceremony to mark the 50th anniversary of the end of the war.

    纪念战争结束50周年的庆典

  5. [VN] 是…的迹象;成为…的征兆;表明 ([VN] 是…的迹象;成为…的征兆;表明 )

    This speech may mark a change in government policy.

    这篇演讲表明政府的政策可能会有变化。

  6. (especially BrE) (给学生作业)打分,评分,评成绩 (to give marks to students’ work)

    [VN] I hate marking exam papers.

    我讨厌阅卷。

    [V] I spend at least six hours a week marking.

    我每周至少要花六个小时批改作业。

  7. [VN] [usually passive] ~ sb/sth (as sth) (formal) 赋予特征;给…确定性质 (to give sb/sth a particular quality or character)

    a life marked by suffering

    痛苦的一生

  8. (old-fashioned) 留心;留意;注意 (used to tell sb to pay careful attention to sth)

    [VN] There’ll be trouble over this, mark my words .

    记住我的话,这件事是会有麻烦的。

  9. [VN] (in a team game 成队比赛) 钉人防守;钉住(对手) (to stay close to an opponent in order to prevent them from getting the ball)

    Hughes was marking Taylor.

    休斯在钉防泰勒。

动词习语有如下

短语动词有如下

noun

  1. 污点;污渍;斑点;疤痕 (a small area of dirt, a spot or a cut on a surface that spoils its appearance)

    The children left dirty marks all over the kitchen floor.

    孩子们把厨房的地板弄得污渍斑斑。

  2. (人或动物身上有助于识别的)斑点,记号,色斑 (a noticeable spot or area of colour on the body of a person or an animal which helps you to recognize them)

    a horse with a white mark on its head

    头上有块白斑的马。

  3. 符号;记号;(显示质量、所有者等的)标记 (a written or printed symbol that is used as a sign of sth, for example the quality of sth or who made or owns it)

    punctuation marks

    标点符号

  4. (品质或情感的)标志,迹象,表示 (a sign that a quality or feeling exists)

    Such coolness under pressure is the mark of a champion.

    在压力下仍能这样保持冷静,这就是冠军相。

  5. (especially BrE) 成绩;分数;等级 (a number or letter that is given to show the standard of sb’s work or performance or is given to sb for answering sth correctly)

    to get a good/poor mark in English.

    英语得分高 / 低

    What’s the pass mark? 合格分数是多少?

  6. (重要的)水平,标准点,指标 (a level or point that sth reaches that is thought to be important)

    She was leading at the half-way mark.

    赛程到一半时是她领先。

  7. Mark (followed by a number 后接数词) 型号 (a particular type or model of a machine or vehicle)

    the Mark II engine

    II型发动机

  8. Mark (BrE) (followed by a number 后接数词) 燃气挡;温度刻度 (a particular level of temperature in a gas oven)

    Preheat the oven to gas Mark 6.

    将烤箱预热到6挡。

  9. (文盲在文件上代替签名的)花押

    (a cross made on a document instead of a signature by sb who is not able to write their name)

  10. (formal) 目标;靶子 (a target)

    to hit/miss the mark

    击中 / 未中目标

名词习语有如下

词语辨析

dot、mark、spot 都有斑点的意思,不过 dot 特别指小圆点,spot 指斑点,mark 比较广泛

10. system

[ˈsɪstəm]

noun

  1. [C] ~ (of/for sth) (思想或理论)体系;方法;制度;体制 (an organized set of ideas or theories or a particular way of doing sth)

    a system of government

    政体

  2. [C] 系统 (a group of things, pieces of equipment, etc. that are connected or work together)

    a transport system.

    运输系统

  3. [C] 身体;(器官)系统 (a human or an animal body, or a part of it, when it is being thought of as the organs and processes that make it function)

    the male reproductive system

    男性生殖系统

  4. the system [sing.] (informal, usually disapproving) (尤指不公正的统治或管理)制度,体系,集团 (the rules or people that control a country or an organization, especially when they seem to be unfair because you cannot change them)

    You can’t beat the system

    你斗不过现行的体制。

名词习语有